Historically Amisus, renamed “Samsun '' by the Seljuk Turks, is situated between two river deltas jutting out into the Black Sea, north of Turkey. Densely populated with more than a half-million locals and fascinates almost one million tourists annually. Kizilirmark (The Red River), one of the longest rivers of Anatolia, lies west of Samsun, while Yizilirmark is located east of the city (The Green River). From prehistoric times to the present, it has always been one of the most important cities. The city is a significant source of Turkish tobacco. Samsun has a warm-oceanic climate with a high chance of rain all year. The stark contrast of historical and modern landscapes has made it one of the most visited cities in northern Turkey, where the Samsun Youth Festival, Motorcycle Festival, and Kapkaya Outdoor Sports Festival are all held throughout the year.